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What is modern day slavery?

Someone is in slavery if they are:

  • Forced to work through mental or physical threat
  • Owned or controlled by an 'employer', usually through mental or physical abuse or the threat of abuse
  • Dehumanised, treated as a commodity or bought and sold as 'property'
  • Physically constrained or have restrictions placed on his/her freedom

The following definitions are encompassed within the term 'modern slavery' for the purposes of the Modern Slavery Act 2015.

These are:

  • Slavery is where ownership is exercised over a person
  • Servitude involves the obligation to provide services imposed by coercion
  • Forced or compulsory labour involves work or service extracted from any person under the menace of a penalty and for which the person has not offered himself voluntarily
  • Human trafficking concerns arranging or facilitating the travel of another with a view to exploiting them

Further information

Updated: 20 October 2020

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