Vaccination is the most important thing we can do to protect ourselves and our children against ill health. They prevent up to 3 million deaths worldwide every year.
Our schedules include recommended vaccinations for people of all ages. It is important that vaccines are given on time for the best protection. If you or your child miss a vaccine, contact your GP to catch up.
Why vaccination is important
Since vaccines were introduced in the UK, diseases like smallpox, polio and tetanus that used to kill or disable millions of people are either gone or seen very rarely.
Other diseases like measles and diphtheria have been reduced by up to 99.9% since their vaccines were introduced.
However, if people stop having vaccines, it is possible for infectious diseases to quickly spread again.
Find out more information about the importance and safety of vaccinations.
This schedule covers children of different ages, and the diseases that vaccinations protect against. The schedule is accurate as of November 2018.
Two months old
Three injections and one oral dose:
- 1st dose - Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, Haemophilus influenzae type b and hepatitis B (DTaP/IPV/Hib/HepB)
- 1st dose - Pneumococcal (PCV)
- 1st dose - Meningococcal B (MenB)
- 1st dose - Rotavirus
Three months old
One injection and one oral dose:
- 2nd dose - DTaP/IPV/Hib/HepB
- 2nd dose - Rotavirus
Four months old
- 3rd dose - DTaP/IPV/Hib/HepB
- 2nd dose - PCV
- 2nd - dose MenB
Between 12 and 13 months old
Within a month of their first birthday. Four injections:
- Booster - Hib/Meningococcal C (Hib/MenC)
- Booster - PCV
- 1st dose - Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR)
- Booster - MenB
From 18 months old
- 2nd dose - MMR2
Three years four months old or soon after
- Booster - Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio (DTaP/IPV)
Two and three years old
Nasal spray, routinely given at general practice:
- Influenza - each year from September
Children in reception class, and in school years 1 to 5
Nasal spray, routinely given at school:
- Influenza - each year from September. The existing flu immunisation programme will be extended over a number of years to include all children aged 2 to 16 years inclusive.
Visit the NHS website to find out more information about the children's flu vaccine.
This schedule covers recommended vaccinations for adolescents.
Girls aged 12 to 13
- Human Papillomavirus vaccine (HPV) which protects against cervical cancer caused by HPV types 16 and 18 (and genital warts caused by types 6 and 11). The HPV vaccine is given in two doses administered 6 to 24 months apart.
14 year olds - school year 9
- Tetanus, diphtheria and polio (Td/IPV). MMR status is also checked at this point. Meningococcal groups A,C,W and Y disease (MenACWY)
This schedule covers recommended vaccination for people from age 65.
- 65 year olds - Pneumococcal (PPV)
- 65 year olds and older - Influenza (flu) each year from September
- 70 to 79 year olds - Shingles
Up to: Immunisation
Updated: 17 August 2023