Guidance for basement developments
We have prepared a Good Practice Guide on Basement Developments(pdf, 862KB), which provides advice on both planning as well as non-planning matters. It also covers permits and requirements, and local amenity, construction and design issues.
A Basement Assessment User Guide (2021) (pdf, 230 KB) has also been produced which provides advice where proposals include a basement, cellar, or other subsurface structure. It is designed to guide users through the Basement Assessment process and ensure that the correct supporting information is submitted with a planning application.
Permits and requirements
Basement developments have to comply with a wide range of legislation and different permissions can be required:
- Planning permission is required for basement developments. Article 4 Directions removing permitted development rights for basements and subterranean development came into force across the whole Borough from 1 April 2018.
- Listed building consent is required if you alter, extend or demolish a listed building.
- A Structural Impact Assessment or Report must be submitted for basement works on listed buildings and buildings of townscape merit.
- Building Regulations approval is always required.
- Highway licenses include skip, scaffolding, hoarding and building material licenses, parking suspensions and trader parking permits; most of which must be applied for several weeks before works commence.
- Temporary traffic orders (closure of pavements, road space and bus stops).
- Party Wall Agreement for all work within 3 or 6 metres of neighbours.
- Environmental health legislation requires you to apply or notify the Council and/or your neighbours of certain work causing noise, vibration or dust, to contaminate land and to meet habitable accommodation standards.
- Freeholder consent is always required, including prior to submitting a planning application.
- Utilities permission may be required from Thames Water, Network Rail, Transport for London and other utility companies.
Local amenity and construction issues
Excavation and construction of a basement needs to be carefully planned and co-ordinated to avoid problems such as highway/parking impacts, noise, dust, vibration and disturbance to neighbours. For this reason, all basement developments in the borough are required to prepare and submit a Construction Management Statement. See the Local Validation Checklist for further information on its required contents. Developers of basements are also expected to sign up to a Considerate Construction Scheme.
The following are common design issues that should be considered when proposing basement works:
Just as overly large extensions above ground level can dominate a building, an extension below ground can be of an inappropriate scale.
Trees and root protection
The presence of trees and tree roots is an additional factor that may mean proposals for new or expanded basements may be over-development, including street trees and trees on or adjoining the site, and their required root protection zone.
Garden and biodiversity
Proposals for basement development that take up more than half the front and/or half the rear garden of a property may not be accepted.
Rainwater and sustainable drainage systems
A basement development should provide an appropriate proportion of planted material to allow for rainwater to be absorbed.
Basements as living accommodation
The Local Plan, the Residential Development Standards SPD and the London Plan seek to ensure high quality housing and neighbourhoods with a good standard of sunlight, daylight, outlook and privacy.
- Good Practice Guide on Basement Developments (2015)(pdf, 862KB) for further information on regulatory, planning, structural, local amenity, construction issues and useful contacts.
- Basement Assessment User Guide (2021) (pdf, 230 KB) for advice on the supporting information needed where proposals feature a basement.
- LBRuT Basement Developments – Review of Planning Implications (2014), a study carried out by consultants Peter Brett Associates on behalf of the Council.
- House Extensions and External Alterations SPD (2015)(pdf, 1008KB) for further guidance on basements and lightwells.
Up to: Planning
Updated: 28 September 2022